In your body, the endocrine system is a network of glands that produce hormones that help cells communicate with each other.
They 're responsible for nearly every cell, organ, and body function. A gland is an organ that generates and sends out chemicals in the body that perform a particular task.
Endocrine glands spill the compounds that they produce into the bloodstream. One of the most important glands in your body is thyroid glands. It is a butterfly shaped-like organ located in your neck.
Its job is to release hormones that control metabolism, which is the human body's way of using energy.
How Do Thyroid Glands Work?
The thyroid gland releases two hormones; Triiodothyronine and Thyroxine or T3 and T4.
When blood levels of T3 and T4 are low, the pituitary gland produces more Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) to notify the gland to generate more thyroid hormones.
On the contrary, If the blood level of T3 and T4 are high, the pituitary gland releases fewer TSH to the thyroid gland to reduce certain hormones.
T3 and T4 pass across the bloodstream, entering nearly every cell of the body. The hormones control the velocity of the cells with which the metabolism process takes place.
T3 and T4 have a role in the regulation of heart rate, so when the blood levels of these two hormones are low, your heart rate gets slower as well, sometimes causing constipation and weight gain!
High levels of T3 and T4 in the blood have been known to cause hyperthyroidism. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Irritability or moodiness
- Nervousness, hyperactivity
- Sweating and sensitivity to high temperatures
- Hand trembling
- Hair loss
- Missed or light menstrual periods
But, too little T3 and T4 levels in the blood may cause hypothyroidism, which have the following symptoms:
- Trouble sleeping
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Difficulty concentrating
- Dry skin and hair
- Sensitivity to cold temperature
- Frequent, heavy periods
- Joint and muscle pain
As you can tell, keeping T3 and T4 levels balanced is very important to your body, so what are the best ways to do that?
B vitamins play a significant part in promoting overall safety and well-being. B vitamins, as the building blocks of a balanced body, positively influence the energy rates, cognitive activity, and cell metabolism.
Low thyroid hormones will impact vitamin B-12 levels in your body. Taking a supplement of vitamin B-12 can help you heal some of the damage done by the hypothyroidism. Vitamin B can be taken from peas and beans, tuna, cheese, and eggs.
Adopt a Sugar-free Diet
Sugar and fried foods may contribute to heightened body inflammation. Conversion of T4 to triiodothyronine, or T3, another thyroid hormone, may be slowed by inflammation.
This will exacerbate the symptoms and thyroid disorder. Furthermore, in the short term, sugar only enhances your energy output, and removing it from your diet will better control your energy levels.
Deleting sugar from your diet will also improve your stress rates and your skin. Maintaining thyroid balance is necessary.